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February 2020

Is Blockchain Able to Improve Voting Methods in 2020?

Since 2005, Estonia has been actively using the electronic online voting system. For this, the voter only needs a computer connected to the Internet. Voting is available from anywhere in the world. Many countries have already embarked on Estonia's innovation path. And this is just the beginning…

Actually, the traditional voting system has long needed a complete adjustment. The symbol of people's freedom and hope gradually turned into a trap of conventions and ineffective methods.

The Way We Vote: It’s Time for a Change

The main problems of the archaic offline voting system are well known for a long time:

  • Inconvenience to voters. Inaccessibility of elective offline places for everyone. This problem especially concerns people who are in another country at the time of the election, as well as people with disabilities.
  • Many unpleasant facts of election results falsification and other election fraud.

The human factor: the traditional system uses third parties — people, to collect and count votes. And this is a direct risk of fraud and bribery.

Digital ways with automation helped partially solve these problems. Now, many countries use or plan to introduce electronic voting methods. Similar online voting systems have already been tested or are actively used in Estonia, Australia, Great Britain, USA, India, Spain, Canada, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Sierra Leone, France, Switzerland and other countries.

All that a voter needs to participate in elections from a personal computer: an ID card with a chip, as well as a card reader and a special program. Some systems already provide for the possibility of verification through a fingerprint and the use of special Apps on smartphones.

However, standard online voting systems are subject to serious risks:

  • Hackers can introduce fraud in the voting system, and even before the start of the election. This is most often done through hacking the voter registration database.
  • Through hacking the registration database, an attacker can exclude voters from the voting list and completely prevent them from making their valuable choices. In addition, hackers often vote for other people's names. In this way, they help their candidate win the election.
  • Identity theft is an equally common deception during the election period.
  • Hackers are also able to inject malicious code to disable voting machines. Moreover, such an insidious move can spoil not only one system, but also a whole bunch of such interconnected technology. And this, in turn, can lead to a complete disruption of the vote.
  • Two words: centralized databases. They are used to collect, count and audit votes. However, they are very vulnerable to hacking: from theft of personal data to the possibility of third-party influence on the election results.

5 Signs That Blockchain Innovation Is Needed

  1. Universal secure verifiability. Blockchain can by design provide crypto evidence that the poll’s results are authentic and correspond exactly to the sum of legitimate voters intended votes.  
  2. Disintermediation . Blockchain systems and applied to voting eliminate the need to depend on third parties for operations and/or verifications. From then on, a voting process can entirely be automated, reducing the need to depend on administrators and auditors. Voters can collectively inherit the whole supervision of their poll.     
  3. Super-valuable personal data under vigilant monitoring and control - voter registration databases are protected by highly secure blockchain technology and cryptography. 
  4. International. The platform is available online and 24/7, from anywhere in the world. The voting process has never been so open, transparent and accessible to everyone.
  5. Fast and easy. Ultimate convenience is one of the top trends in the blockchain sphere for 2020, which finds a lively response from the global community. 

And all these benefits are available thanks to the blockchain system.

How It Works in Brief

Voting users through their digital ID can sign their actions in ultra-secure digital format. Data is recorded in safe and protected blockchain registers. Due to the unique capabilities of the P2P technology, personalized ballot information is recorded and securely stored in an inextricable chain of blocks (and cannot be changed by third parties). The legitimacy can be verified at any time. But simultaneously all personal data is protected by cryptography, which doesn't give third parties the slightest opportunity to discreetly corrupt the data.

Meanwhile, for the user "outside" of all the technological nuances, the process looks extremely convenient and understandable. Thanks to the trustworthy voting mobile App with an intuitive interface.

It would seem that we are discussing only the serious issue of state voting on a global scale. 

However, in practice, any organization is constantly faced with the need for certain votes by making the most important decisions. And this process, which used to take days and even months, can be carried out automatically. And at the highest level of security due to blockchain technology. 

Want to know more? Download the’s white paper.

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